How to Get a Loan Against Property in India

How to Get a Loan Against Property in India

A Loan Against Property (LAP) is a secured loan where you can borrow funds by mortgaging your residential or commercial property. This type of loan is a popular option in India due to its relatively lower interest rates and higher loan amounts. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to get a Loan Against Property in India.

1. Understanding Loan Against Property

What is a Loan Against Property?

A Loan Against Property (LAP) is a loan provided against the security of one’s property. The property can be residential or commercial. The loan amount is typically a percentage of the property’s market value, usually ranging from 50% to 70%.

2. Eligibility Criteria

Before applying for a LAP, ensure you meet the following common eligibility criteria:

  • Age: Most lenders require borrowers to be between 21 to 65 years.
  • Income: Regular and stable income from employment or business is essential.
  • Property: The property must be free from legal encumbrances and should have a clear title.
  • Credit Score: A good credit score (typically 700 and above) increases the chances of approval and favourable terms.
  • Employment Stability: At least 2-3 years of continuous employment or business operation.

3. Required Documents

Personal Documents:

  • Identity Proof: PAN Card, Aadhaar Card, Passport, Voter ID
  • Address Proof: Utility bills, Passport, Aadhaar Card
  • Age Proof: Birth certificate, Passport, Aadhaar Card

Income Documents:

  • Salaried Individuals: Last 3-6 months’ salary slips, Form 16, IT returns
  • Self-Employed: Profit and loss statements, balance sheet, IT returns for the last 3 years, bank statements

Property Documents:

  • Title Deed
  • No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the builder or society
  • Approved Building Plan

4. Application Process

Research and Compare Lenders:

Compare interest rates, processing fees, loan tenure, and other terms from various banks and NBFCs.

Use online loan comparison tools to get a clear picture.

Property Valuation:

Lenders will conduct a valuation of your property to determine its market value. Ensure your property documents are complete and up-to-date.

Apply for the Loan:

Fill out the loan application form with accurate details.

Submit the required documents (personal, income, and property documents).

Loan Processing:

After receiving your application, the lender will verify the documents and assess your eligibility.

The lender will also conduct a legal and technical verification of the property.

Loan Sanction and Disbursement:

Upon successful verification, the lender will sanction the loan and provide a sanction letter detailing the loan amount, interest rate, tenure, and other terms.

After you accept the terms, the loan amount will be disbursed, usually within a few working days.

5. Interest Rates and Repayment

Interest Rates:

Interest rates for LAP typically range from 8% to 15%, depending on the lender, borrower’s profile, and property value.


LAP can be repaid through Equated Monthly Installments (EMIs) over a tenure ranging from 5 to 20 years.

Some lenders offer flexible repayment options, such as overdraft facilities.

6. Benefits and Risks


  • Lower interest rates compared to personal loans or credit cards.
  • Higher loan amount due to the secured nature of the loan.
  • Long repayment tenure reducing the EMI burden.


  • Risk of property foreclosure if you default on loan repayments.
  • Fluctuating interest rates in case of floating-rate loans.

7. Tips for Borrowers

Evaluate Your Repayment Capacity: Ensure that the EMI burden does not strain your finances.

Check Loan Terms: Carefully read the loan agreement, focusing on prepayment charges, processing fees, and other hidden costs.

Maintain a Good Credit Score: A higher credit score can help you negotiate better terms and interest rates.

Keep Property Documents in Order: Ensure all property documents are legal and up-to-date to avoid any processing delays.


Obtaining a Loan Against Property in India is a viable financial solution for those needing substantial funds. By understanding the eligibility criteria, preparing the necessary documents, and comparing various lenders, you can secure a favourable loan against your property. Always assess your repayment capacity and choose a lender that offers the most beneficial terms to ensure a smooth borrowing experience.